Job Promotion and Employee Performance among the Administration Police in Bungoma County, Kenya
Belyndah Shitakwa Ligare, Dr. Kadian Wanyonyi Wanyama and Dr. Victor Lusala Aliata
DOI : 10.36344/CCIJEMMS.2020.v01i02.004 | Cross Current Int J Econ Manag Media Stud, 2020; 2(2): 34-41.
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According to Kenya Police Service Annual Crime Reports (KPSACR) of 2016, the number of criminal offences is still on the increase with the 2013, 2014 and 2015 reports evidencing an offence number of 71832, 72,490 and 73,376 respectively. Based on this upward trend, it is still unclear if the trend is related to human resource practices such as job promotion as applied in the administration police which in turn have an effect on the performance of the administration police. In the service industry, especially the Kenya National Police Service, little research has been conducted on job promotion and employee performance especially in Bungoma County. The purpose of this study was to establish the influence of job promotion on the performance of administration police. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The target population was 1,318 administration police officers in Bungoma County rom which a sample size of 384 respondents was used. Questionnaires were the main instruments used to collect primary data. Stratified random sampling, simple random sampling and systematic random sampling techniques were used. Data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Reliability analysis gave an average Cronbach alpha value of 0.8034 which indicated that the instruments were reliable. Results of the study showed that there was a statistically significant positive relationship between job promotion and employee performance and that job promotion accounted for 71.3% (R2 = 0.713) variations in the employee performance. It was concluded that if job promotion was well executed in the administration police, the performance of the staff would be enhanced. The following were the recommendations of the study: organizations should adhere strictly to its promotion policy, ensure promotion process is fair and that employees are promoted based on merit. The findings of this study is expected to inform administration police management policy makers, the government
Diversification Expansion Strategies and Performance of Savings and Credit Co-Operative Societies in Turkana County, Kenya
Napua Shadrack Lomuria, Dr. Kadian Wanyonyi Wanyama and Dr. Catherine Laura Mamuli
DOI : 10.36344/CCIJEMMS.2020.v01i02.003 | Cross Current Int J Econ Manag Media Stud, 2020; 2(2): 22-33.
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Studies in the Savings and Credit Co-Operative Societies (SACCOs) sector have recently received a lot of attentions globally and locally. The SACCOs have experienced growth and diversification in the range of products and services in the market. The purpose of this study was to establish the effect of expansion strategies and performance of SACCOs in Turkana County, Kenya. The study sought to establish the effect of diversification expansion strategies on performance of SACCOs. The study was anchored on the Resource Based Theory and Igor Ansoff’s Theory. The research designs of the study were descriptive and correlational research designs. Target population was 234 respondents consisting of thirty-five (35) SACCOs managers and 199 Secretariat drawn from the 35 SACCOs in Turkana County. Purposive and stratified sampling techniques were used. The questionnaire was used as the data collection instrument. This study employed the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient as a measure of reliability of research instruments at threshold of 0.7 and above. The study used construct validity of the instruments, and content validity to make structured changes for the purpose of improvement and refinement before embarking on the actual data collection process. Data analysis and interpretation was based on descriptive statistics as well as inferential statistics using SPSS version 22. Results of the study were that: diversification expansion strategies had a positive, linear and significant (p-value is less than 0.05) association with the performance of SACCOs. Diversification expansion strategies had 53.9% variations on the performance of SACCOs. It was concluded that as the company invests more and implements diversification expansion strategies, the performance of SACCOs would improve. Results showed that diversification expansion strategies were more implemented had more effect on performance of SACCOs than expansion strategies. It was recommended that the management of SACCOs should inv