Combining Ability Analysis in A 5x5 Diallel Cross of Maize Inbred Lines
Naveed Kamal, Muhammad Siddique, Saeeda Khanum and Muhammad Arshad
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i07.001 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 6(7):1-4
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A complete diallel cross between five maize inbred lines viz; Elp-326, Elp-433, Elp-612, Elp-326 and Elp-780 was used to determine the genetic behavior of grain yield, days to 50% tasseling, days to 50% silking, plant height, cob height and cob girth during growing seasons 2018 and 2019. Analysis of variances was carried out for all the parameters following (Steel, R.G.D., & Torrie, J.H. 1980) technique which revealed highly significant differences for all the traits studied. The analyses of GCA and SCA were carried out using (Griffing, B. 1956) technique, Method I, Model II. Both GCA and SCA mean squares were highly significant for all the traits indicating the involvement of additive as well as non additive gene interactions in the expression of these traits. SCA mean squares and variances were larger than those of GCA mean squares and variances which suggested that non additive genes had major role in the inheritance of grain yield and its related characters under study. Elp-433 was found the best general combiner for all the parameters. Elp-426, Elp-326 were good general combiners for grain yield only. Elp-326 x Elp-780 and Elp-426 x Elp-433 were best combinations for grain yield and most of its components. The crosses Elp-780 x Elp-433, Elp-780 x Elp-426, Elp-780 x Elp-433, Elp-326 x Elp-433, Elp-612 x Elp-426 and Elp-326 x Elp-612 having higher reciprocal effects pointed out that partial role of cytoplasmic inheritance cannot be ruled out in controlling the physiology of these traits.
Study of Correlation, Heritability and Genetic Advance in Pearl Millet
Saeeda Khanum, Muhammad Siddique, Naveed Kamal and Bilqees Khanam
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i07.002 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 6(7):5-8
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The present investigation was carried out to explore the genetic diversity of five Pearl millet genotypes: MGP-02, MGP-09, MG-P74, MGP-104 and MGP-117 for grain yield, days to 50% flowering, plat height, number of nodes, panicle length and panicle girth. Grain yield showed positive and significant/highly significant correlation with panicle length panicle girth, number of nodes and plant height indicating that grain yield can be boost up by improving these characters through phenotypic selection. Further, high PCV and GCV for the traits studied also suggested that theses parameters can be genetically improved through phenotypic selection in the subsequent generations. Comparatively higher heritability along with high genetic advance for grain yield, plant height and panicle length pointed out that these agronomic characteristics were controlled by additive genes and hence can be improved by gene pyramiding through visual recurrent selection from advanced generations.
A case of FMD in a Bos taurus (Jersy Cow) dealt with Homoeopathy, Antipyretics & Supplements
Dr. Tridibesh Tripathy, Dr. Umakant Prusty, Dr. Chitamani Nayak and Sovesh Chandra Tripathy
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i06.002 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 2(6):27-31.
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Any layman knows about (‘Muh Paka Khur Paka’), the Hindi language version of the Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) but they do not realize its contagiousness & fatal nature among live-stocks especially among milch cows. There is prevention of FMD through a vaccine but there is no treatment in veterinary science. The current case is a case of FMD in a Jersy cow or Bos Taurus as they are scientifically called aged 4 years with a 4 months-old calf weighing about 120 kilograms. FMD has been managed traditionally by use of natural soda ash solution for washing the lesions while some communities have applied honey & finger millet flour to the lesions (Gakuya, D. W. et al 2011). These traditional medicines were also reported earlier (Molan, P.C. 1992; Molan, P.C. 2001; & Hegde, P. S). In India, farmers usually make soft fodder & astringents for the suffering animal as a cure. The case describes the effectiveness of Homoeopathic medicines against the FMD virus thereby depicting that Homoeopathy is not only effective for humans but also in veterinary sciences. The article describes the case as it evolved while detailing out the treatment or care given to the cattle during a fortnight period.The article is an effort to disseminate the message among the veterinary professionals & care taker of the Cattles so that all the cases follow a pluralistic approach where the preventive & supportive methods of veterinary science is complemented with the curative methods of Homoeopathy.
Possibility of Hydroponics Technique for Crops Cultivation
Pooja Kaintura, Bharti Ramola, Neha Rani Kamboj, Kanika Tyagi and Poonam Negi
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i06.001 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 2(6):22-26.
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Hydroponics is a popular technique of growing crops in nutrient solution with using any soil based growing medium under precise climatic controlled condition. It has tremendous possibility for revolutionizing agriculture system not only in developed counties but in also in developing countries. Hydroponics system also exhibit better growth of plants as compared to crop cultivation done following the conventional system of cultivation. Moreover as the hydroponic system is done in controlled conditions, so it is possible to practice cultivation throughout the year irrespective of prevailing outdoor condition. In recent times, hydroponic vegetable production system is getting popularity in urban area where it has been adapted by many progressive growers. Still implementation of the hydroponic system by regular grower has some challenges as limited study has been done to evaluated quality of water on growth of plants in hydroponics. This study demonstrates possibility of the application of hydroponic system for farming. Hydroponics is futuristic system of agriculture as it makes it possible to cultivate crop on nutrient solution. It has tremendous possibility to be explored in areas where soil is severely affected and is not suitable for agriculture. It is also a boon for urban areas, where land availability for agriculture purpose is very limited. With proper understanding and standardization of hydroponic system it can be effectively used for sustainable agriculture.
Proximate Assessment of Physicochemical and Microbial Parameter of Five Different Bottled Water in Kano
Ambrose E. Ekevwe, Aloba Isaac, Funmilayo O. Olatunji & Augustina Aroh
DOI : 10.36344/ccijav.v02i03.004 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 2(4):17-21.
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The study sampled five bottled water consumed in Kano which include Sona, Santana, Aquafina, Eva and Swan bottled water (popularly consumed in eateries, suya spots, garage among others in kano). Analysis was done using standard method and results obtained for the physicochemical and microbial assay was below the guidelines limit of WHO, indicating the suitability of the bottled water analyzed for the aforementioned parameters. Hence, the populist believed bottled water is safe for consumption; thorough monitoring survey is needed to enhance the quality and safety sustenance.
Economics of Sweet Potato Marketing In Zing Local Government Area of Taraba State, Nigeria
Gani, B.S., Rukwe, D. T. and Elizabeth, Y.J
DOI : 10.36344/ccijav.v02i03.003 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 2(3):9-16.
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This study was conducted on economics of sweet potato marketing in Zing Local Government Area, Taraba State, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to: identify the socio economic characteristics of sweet potato marketers in the study area, estimate the marketing margin and marketing efficiency of sweet potato marketing in the study area, identify the factors affecting sweet potato marketing in the area and determine the constraints faced by the traders in marketing the crop. Data for this study were collected using structured questionnaire. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to select respondents for the study. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The socio-economic characteristics result showed that about 77.6% of the sweet potato marketers were male, 91.8% of the respondents were young people whose ages ranged between 28 to 57 years with 63.3% married marketers. The result revealed that 83.7% of the sweet potato marketers had formal education, 83.7% marketers did not belong to any cooperative organization, 79.59 % of marketers had no access to credit to finance their sweet potato marketing activities and 42.9% had 6-10years’ experience in sweet potato trading. The result shows that the gross marketing margin and net marketing margin were N6,921.28 and N6,571.28 respectively with marketing efficiency of 0.59koko.The logit regression result revealed that out of the 10 independent variables included in the model, 8 variables were statistically significant at 1% (p<0.01), 5% (p<0.05) and 10% (p<0.10) respectively representing 80% of the variables. The result reveals that, inadequate capital, low profit, inadequate and poor storage facilities, price fluctuation and lack of standard measure were some of the problem identified as problems militating against Sweet Potato marketing in the study area. Sweet potato marketing is a profitable business with attractive net return and investment in Zing LGA of Tarab
Antibacterial Properties of Carica Papaya Leaf and Fruit Extracts
Kenneth Nnamdi Anueyiagu, Ebenezer Emmanuel Chai, Naomi Thomas, Godiya Clement1, Rose JK Bulus, Dorcas Alamisa Dankwambo1, Praise Nerat Tiri and Patience Godwin
DOI : 10.36344/ccijav.v02i01.001 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 2(1): 1-4
Downloads : 16 | Views : 13
Carica papaya has various medicinal uses ranging from promoting human health, suppressing sicknesses and diseases and also curing and preventing some diseases. The aim of this research is to determine the antibacterial properties of some parts of C. papaya plant (leaf, Ripe and unripe fruits). Aqueous extraction of leaf, epicarp and endocarp of unripe and ripe fruits of the plant was carried out and the extracts were diluted to 500mg/ml, then doubling dilution was carried out for 250mg/ml, 125mg/ml, 62.5mg/ml and 31.25mg/ml. Four test Bacteria used in this work were Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtillis, Klebsiella pneumoniae. The antibacterial activities of the aqueous extracts of the leaf, epicarp and endocarp of unripe and ripe fruits of C. fistula was determined using modified Kirby Bauer well-diffusion sensitivity testing method. The three extracts had bactericidal effect on the Gram Positive test bacteria than the Gram Negative test bacteria. The boost in medicinal herb development and sustenance should be encouraged by policy makers and philanthropists.