The Health Risk Behaviors Experienced by traditional University Students during the Implementation of Restrictive Measures of COVID-19 in Zimbabwe
Prince Dzingirayi and Grace Moyo
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i07.002 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 6(7): 7-15
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Globally, academic zeal had been put on hold by the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic. The coronavirus lockdown which lead to the closure of all learning institutions in Zimbabwe has caused traditional university students to indulge in health risk behaviours. The research findings revealed that some of the health risk behaviour have short term or long term effects. The lockdown led university students to sexual abuse, alcohol abuse, reluctant at home, social media addiction, drug abuse, excessive sleeping and eating habits. These health risk behaviour causes physical and psychological effects to traditional university students. This study is conducted with an aim of exploring the health risk behaviours experienced by traditional university students during the implementation of COVID-19 restrictive measures in Matabeleland Province. The phenomenological research design was used to study individuals in their natural setting and the population in the study was traditional students from National University of Science (NUST) and Technology, Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU) and Lupane State University of Matabeleland region. The convenience and purposive sampling was used to select the participants and data was analyzed using thematic content analysis. Data was collected through an open ended interview question on social media platforms. The COVID-19 lockdown have caused more harm to traditional university students as they were cornered to behave in unexpected behaviours which threatens their future.
Clinical and Biochemical Profile of Antenatal Women Suffering from Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy Attending A Tertiary Care Health Institution
Dr. Shaina Chamotra, Dr. Ankit Chaudhary, Dr. Aleeza Pal and Dr. Nitin Kumar
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i07.003 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 6(7): 16-19
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Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are a major cause of both maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. Although the much studied phenomenon but yet much is to be learnt about the disease, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical course as well as the complications. The present study was conducted with an objective to determine the clinical and biochemical profile of such disorders. Methods: The present study is a sub-part of a case control study conducted among 180 pregnant women (90 cases and 90 controls) in Kamla Nehru State Hospital for Mother and Child, IGMC Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. Clinical, biochemical and blood pressure parameters of all the participants were documented for the study purpose. Results: Adverse findings in all aspects were seen more often in cases than in normotensives. All non-exposed had systolic and diastolic blood pressure and in normal range. Odoema, pallor and cyanosis were more likely to be seen in hypertensives than controls. Liver function tests, renal function tests and platelet counts were deranged more often in cases than controls. Hyperhomocysteinemia was more commonly encountered among the cases of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Fundus examination revealed worse status in hypertensives. Conclusion: The study associates pregnancy induced hypertensive disorders and adverse biochemical, clinical and lab parameters as highlighted by vast literature. Timely screening of such parameters can definitely aid in achieving better maternal and foetal outcomes. Incorporation of homocysteine analysis in routine strategy can definitely strengthen the maternal health care.
Homoeopathy in Mental Disorders in Postpartum Stage
Dr. Tridibesh Tripathy, Dr. Umakant Prusty and Dr. Chitamani Nayak
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i07.001 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 6(7): 1-6
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Reading a heading in the Hindustan Times supplement on 10th May (Mother’s day) which wrote ‘Mum is not a good word’ was surprising & when delved in to the article, it was about mothers who went through postnatal depression & have narrated their painful experiences & how they came out of the situation. The current article looks into the aspects of mental disorders during postnatal period out of which postnatal depression is one of the disorders. The article looks into the brief history of public health programs on mental health in India & the emergence of maternal mental health as an issue. It moves on to the current situation on postnatal disorders in India & the role of Homoeopathy to deal with these disorders therapeutically as a component of Ministry of AYUSH. The article suggests the integration of medical pluralism in mental health through inclusion of Homoeopathy in the gamete of mental health. As each & every drug in Homoeopathy is only proved on human beings, all the drugs have a mental component as it is only human beings who can express their physical & mental symptoms during proving of the drugs as per the guidelines set by the Homoeopathic research councils of each nation. In India, Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy, an autonomous body under the ministry of AYUSH lays out such guidelines. The article gains more relevance during the current COVID 19 crisis which has precipitated the stress levels & the mothers who have delivered since March 2020 are more prone to mental disorders during their postnatal stage.
Covid-19 and Mobile Phones
Dr. Amit Sachdeva, Dr. Hitender Gautam, Dr. Sumit Sharma, Dr. Neha Patyal
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i06.016 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 2(6):90-92.
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Mobile phone has become our constant companion wherever we go. As personal hygiene is crucial in preventing COVID-19, special care is needed regarding the use of the mobile phones. A number of organisms would be present on the device. While many of these are harmless, but, there are also disease-causing organisms like the SARS-CoV-2 virus that can survive on surfaces long enough to be transmitted to you or another person. By routinely cleaning and disinfecting our mobile phone, we can lessen the chances of passing these viruses & germs on to our friends, family, relatives or even our coworkers
Growth assessment in thalassaemic patients in Mosul
Nahlah Wadullah Hasan, Alaa Abd-Al-Ghany Younis and Enaam Khazal Shihab
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i06.014 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 2(6):83-86.
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Thalassemia syndrome is a series of genetic disorders of haemoglobin synthesis. It is one of the major public health problems. The study is aiming for assessing the thalassemia effect on growth. A case control study was implemented in thalassemia center at Ibn Al-Atheer hospital during the period from 2000 Dec-2001 Jan where 202 cases of the attendants have been involved in the study and equal number of children attending to the outpatient for other causes as a control. Male consist 60.8% of the cases and 49.2% of the control while the female where 39.3% of the cases and 50.8% of the control. 43.6% of the cases fall in the age group >5-10 yearrs and the highest percentage of the control 48.2% in the same age group.
Assessing Precautionary Behaviour Regarding COVID 19 Applying the Health Belief Model among Family Members of Health Care Workers in Darjeeling District, West Bengal
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i05.013 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 2(5):74-82.
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Background: An unique never before public health challenge faces the world with threat of impending disaster. Prevention remains the mainstay as there is no available vaccine or medicine. To interruption transmission social distancing and nationwide lockdown have been imposed. Nevertheless, hooded warriors the health care worker despite odds are working round the clock to save lives risking their own and their immediate families’. Since human perceptions and not medicine determine behaviour the widely utilized health belief model was applied. Objectives: To assess risk perception, precautionary behaviour and vaccination intent among study participants and assess them according to constructs of time-tested health belief model. Methods: 70 eligible family members were studied by telephonic interview and email recorded responses from 14th March to 14th April 2020. Questionnaire was based on HBM. Requisite permission was taken. Results: 67% were females and 42% spouses. Their risk perception and precautionary behaviour was very high. Few had panic attacks. They stopped their related health care workers to attend duties and even isolated them in family settings. Perceived severity, susceptibility was high as was perceived barriers. Perceived benefit was average though unhappy with the given working conditions. Self-efficacy was high after periodic reassurance. Family members practiced effective health communication with their neighbourhood. Discussion: Various studies reiterated similar findings and found avoidance of public places was practiced earlier during outbreaks. Conclusion: Risk perception and precautionary behaviour was very high among family members. Applied model revealed perceived threats to be higher than perceived benefits leading to stress reactions in family. Fears of increased vulnerability was addressed with reassurance from their respective health care workers in family increasing self-efficacy.However a larger study is recommended with special ment