Covid-19 and Mobile Phones
Dr. Amit Sachdeva, Dr. Hitender Gautam, Dr. Sumit Sharma, Dr. Neha Patyal
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i06.016 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 2(6):90-92.
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Mobile phone has become our constant companion wherever we go. As personal hygiene is crucial in preventing COVID-19, special care is needed regarding the use of the mobile phones. A number of organisms would be present on the device. While many of these are harmless, but, there are also disease-causing organisms like the SARS-CoV-2 virus that can survive on surfaces long enough to be transmitted to you or another person. By routinely cleaning and disinfecting our mobile phone, we can lessen the chances of passing these viruses & germs on to our friends, family, relatives or even our coworkers
Growth assessment in thalassaemic patients in Mosul
Nahlah Wadullah Hasan, Alaa Abd-Al-Ghany Younis and Enaam Khazal Shihab
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i06.014 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 2(6):83-86.
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Thalassemia syndrome is a series of genetic disorders of haemoglobin synthesis. It is one of the major public health problems. The study is aiming for assessing the thalassemia effect on growth. A case control study was implemented in thalassemia center at Ibn Al-Atheer hospital during the period from 2000 Dec-2001 Jan where 202 cases of the attendants have been involved in the study and equal number of children attending to the outpatient for other causes as a control. Male consist 60.8% of the cases and 49.2% of the control while the female where 39.3% of the cases and 50.8% of the control. 43.6% of the cases fall in the age group >5-10 yearrs and the highest percentage of the control 48.2% in the same age group.
Assessing Precautionary Behaviour Regarding COVID 19 Applying the Health Belief Model among Family Members of Health Care Workers in Darjeeling District, West Bengal
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i05.013 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 2(5):74-82.
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Background: An unique never before public health challenge faces the world with threat of impending disaster. Prevention remains the mainstay as there is no available vaccine or medicine. To interruption transmission social distancing and nationwide lockdown have been imposed. Nevertheless, hooded warriors the health care worker despite odds are working round the clock to save lives risking their own and their immediate families’. Since human perceptions and not medicine determine behaviour the widely utilized health belief model was applied. Objectives: To assess risk perception, precautionary behaviour and vaccination intent among study participants and assess them according to constructs of time-tested health belief model. Methods: 70 eligible family members were studied by telephonic interview and email recorded responses from 14th March to 14th April 2020. Questionnaire was based on HBM. Requisite permission was taken. Results: 67% were females and 42% spouses. Their risk perception and precautionary behaviour was very high. Few had panic attacks. They stopped their related health care workers to attend duties and even isolated them in family settings. Perceived severity, susceptibility was high as was perceived barriers. Perceived benefit was average though unhappy with the given working conditions. Self-efficacy was high after periodic reassurance. Family members practiced effective health communication with their neighbourhood. Discussion: Various studies reiterated similar findings and found avoidance of public places was practiced earlier during outbreaks. Conclusion: Risk perception and precautionary behaviour was very high among family members. Applied model revealed perceived threats to be higher than perceived benefits leading to stress reactions in family. Fears of increased vulnerability was addressed with reassurance from their respective health care workers in family increasing self-efficacy.However a larger study is recommended with special ment
COVID-19- A Management through Traditional Way: A Review
Naseer Ahmad Hakeem, Haider Ali Quraishi, Mukhtar Qasmi, Raheem A, M Zahoor Bhat, M Y Dinthoo, Majid-ul-Majid, Rehana Yousuf, Tamanna, Nahida, Saleem-ur-Rehman, Yousuf K Hussaini, Mehak Rao, Shabnam K
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i04.012 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 2(4):62-73.
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Unless and until a proper solution is made and adopted in the health care delivery systems throughout the world to combat COVID-19, some experimental drugs are employed everywhere on the globe in the management of COVID-19. Number of times chemical drugs have proven fatal as well, unfortunate part is “drug induced fatalities” if we are not wrong these fatalities are included in the number of deaths due to COVID-19. The need of the hour is to reduce morbidity and mortality from COVID-19/ COVID-19 drugs. Our motive is to design a formulation which can not only provide the symptomatic relief but will act as anti-retroviral and at the same time will be safe for oral administration. This review paper is based on the same ideology. We have designed a decoction, a diet module and a formulation for inhalation with scientific evidences. That is why we choose only those herbs in formulation which are strongly anti-retroviral. The herbs with weak potency were excluded otherwise there are more than seventy-five herbal drugs with similar actions. Many times, we need booster doses when virus is quantitively or qualitatively more virulent that is why we have given emphasis to the anti-retroviral diet so that the better result is achieved. The purpose of inhalation is the Nano particles of herbs shall reach easily to the target tissues.
Prevalence and Features of Aspirin Resistance in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i04.008 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 2(4):40-50.
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Purpose. To determine the frequency of development of aspirin resistance in patients with coronary heart disease and to identify risk factors for the development of resistance to acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in patients with coronary heart disease. Material and Methods: 96 patients were enrolled in this study with stable forms of ischemic heart disease who received a standard dose of aspirin 75 mg/day for a long time. Patients were divided into 4 groups according to the prescription of ASA. Group 1 consisted of patients who did not receive aspirin, the second group consisted of patients taking aspirin up to 1 year, the third group consisted of patients taking aspirin from 1 year to 5 years, and the fourth group included patients taking aspirin for more than 5 years. An addition, according to the results of determining aspirin resistance, the patients were divided into 2 groups. Platelet aggregation was measured using a laser analyzer: adenosine diphosphate (ADP) with 1.0 and 5.0 μmol was used. Resistance criterion: ADP ≥72% at 5.0 μmol. Results: 17.7% of patients who took aspirin in a standard dose of 75 mg/day were resistant to aspirin, and a third of them took aspirin for more than 5 years. According to the results of a study of platelet aggregation activity, the average degree of platelet aggregation with 5.0 μmol of ADP was 82.4% in patients with no reaction to aspirin. An inadequate response to aspirin was reliably often observed in women and the elderly (58.8% and 70.5%). When analyzing the results of routine laboratory studies in patients with aspirin resistance, there was a tendency to higher levels of cholesterol and glucose (p˂0.05). Possible risk factors for the development of ASA resistance are hypercholesterolemia and hyperglycemia, since aspirin resistance was more common in patients with diabetes (13 out of 17) and obesity (11 out of 17).Conclusion: High rates of ADP-induced platelet aggregation were obtained in ¼ patients with coronary heart disease. A
Organic Solvents and Health Hazards associated with Exposure to Petrol Fumes
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i04.009 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 2(4):51-54.
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Chemical hazards which emanate mainly from contact and inhalation of fuel are recognized to have profound impact on human health. Fast urbanization trends have resulted in a tremendous rise in the number of transportation vehicles, thereby, resulting in the increased need of petrol. Long-term exposure to petrol fumes has deleterious effects on body. The rapidly multiplying number of automobiles in most cities is causing a corresponding increase in air pollution, which is a cause of grave concern. Also, the failure to use personal protective equipment poses a great risk for the petrol-filling workers.