Cross Current International Journal of Medical and Biosciences
Evaluation of Coloration Degrees of Light-Cured Temporary Filling Materials Kept at Two Different Temperatures
Emre Bodrumlu, Esma Dinger
DOI : 10.36344/ccijmb.2021.v03i03.001 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci | 2021 | 3(3) | 25-29 |
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Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the coloration effects of different drinks on temporary restorative materials kept at different temperatures (4ºC, 25 ºC). Materials and Method: Eeach group consisting of 15 samples was randomly divided into 3 subgroups (n = 5), namely Tempit and First Fill, light cured temporary resins were used separately at 4°C in the refrigerator and at 25°C at room temperature a total of 60 (15x4) discs kept at two different temperatures (4ºC, 25ºC ). The samples were polymerized for 40 seconds with a LED light device and all samples were placed in distilled water in a 37 ºC incubator for 24 h. The initial color values of the samples were determined and recorded with the Vita EasyShade digital colorimeter device. Then, the samples were divided into subgroups of 5 (n = 5) and kept in the prepared coffee solution (Nescafe Classic), cherry juice and distilled water at 37°C for a week. The samples were measured on the 1st, 3rd and 7th days. Before each measurement, after washing and drying the samples, the color values were determined with a digital colorimeter device and the color differences (ΔE*) were calculated by recording the data according to the CIE 2000 system. Color difference data were evaluated using one-way ANOVA and Tukey test. Results: Although, the coloration degree was lower in the temporary filling material stored in 25°C, there is no statistically significant difference between the 4°C and 25°C groups. The coloration level of Temp-it was less than First Fill. (p<0.05) The highest average ∆E value among all groups was obtained at 4°C in the First Fill group in the coffee solution. Conclusion: It is concluded that the use of light-cured resin-containing temporary restorative materials in the front areas of anterior teeth where aesthetics are important, the use of light-cured temporary filling materials that are heated at 25°C will result in less coloration.
Study on Surgical Management of Distal Tibial Fractures by Locking Compression Plates (LCP)
Mamidi Anil Kumar, Saini Thirupathi
DOI : 10.36344/ccijmb.2021.v03i03.002 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci | 2021 | 3(3) | 30-35 |
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Abstract: Introduction: Fractures of the distal tibia are one of the most commonly fractures encountered in orthopaedic practice accounting for 7-10% of all tibial fractures. They represent a significant challenge to most of the surgeons. Most common method of management is by internal fixation using locking compression plate. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness, functional results and complications following internal fixation of distal tibia fractures by locking compression plates (LCP). Materials and methods: In this study, 20 patients of distal tibia fractures treated surgically following internal fixation by LCP plating, studied between January 2019 to March 2020 in department of orthopaedics, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagnoor, Karimnagar, and Telangana. All cases treated surgically by LCP plating using standard surgical technique and postoperative protocol. Results: High energy trauma (RTA) accounted for 80% of cases. Surgeries were performed within one week average. Radiological union seen in 16 weeks (range 14-18 weeks) average. weight bearing started from 12 weeks (Range 10- 14weeks). Ankle stiffness noted in 5% of cases. There were 4 cases of superficial infections, 2 patients with deep infection got treated with antibiotics and debridement. Functional results done according to Olerud and molander scoring system. 70% of patients achieved excellent to good results, 30% patients shows fair to poor results. Conclusion: Locking compression plate has better functional outcome, has the advantage of rigid fixation even in osteoporotic fractures and better angular stability.
Knowledge and Awareness of Cervical Cancer Risk Factors among Educated Youth: A Cross Sectional, e-Questionnaire Based Survey among the College Students of Jammu City
Ankita Khajuria, Sandeep Dogra, Bella Mahajan
DOI : 10.36344/ccijmb.2021.v03i03.003 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci | 2021 | 3(3) | 36-41 |
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Abstract: Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality among women in India, and India has the largest burden of cervical cancer patients in the world. One out of every five women suffering from this disease belongs to India. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer risk factors among college going female students of Jammu University and to study about their behavior regarding prevention and screening of cervical carcinoma. A descriptive self-administered, e-questionnaire was employed for data collection. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics. Two hundred and fifty two female students (n = 252) between the age group 17 and 25 years participated with a response rate of 100%. Majority of students (81.7%) were aware of the term cervical cancer. However, only 68 (26.9%) thought that they could suffer from it as they had the perception that it affects married women or elderly only. Assessment of knowledge regarding the risk factors of cervical cancer revealed that only 99 (39.2%) knew that it is transmitted through sexual contact. With regard to attitude of the students towards cervical cancer, around 157 (62.3%) knew that regular screening leads to early diagnosis of the cancer. This study highlights unawareness of various aspects of cervical cancer among educated young women in Jammu city and the critical need for sustained continuing educational interventions to emphasize the importance and awareness of cervical cancer.