Cross Current International Journal of Medical and Biosciences
The Health Risk Behaviors Experienced by traditional University Students during the Implementation of Restrictive Measures of COVID-19 in Zimbabwe
Prince Dzingirayi and Grace Moyo
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i07.002 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 6(7): 7-15
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Globally, academic zeal had been put on hold by the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic. The coronavirus lockdown which lead to the closure of all learning institutions in Zimbabwe has caused traditional university students to indulge in health risk behaviours. The research findings revealed that some of the health risk behaviour have short term or long term effects. The lockdown led university students to sexual abuse, alcohol abuse, reluctant at home, social media addiction, drug abuse, excessive sleeping and eating habits. These health risk behaviour causes physical and psychological effects to traditional university students. This study is conducted with an aim of exploring the health risk behaviours experienced by traditional university students during the implementation of COVID-19 restrictive measures in Matabeleland Province. The phenomenological research design was used to study individuals in their natural setting and the population in the study was traditional students from National University of Science (NUST) and Technology, Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU) and Lupane State University of Matabeleland region. The convenience and purposive sampling was used to select the participants and data was analyzed using thematic content analysis. Data was collected through an open ended interview question on social media platforms. The COVID-19 lockdown have caused more harm to traditional university students as they were cornered to behave in unexpected behaviours which threatens their future.
Clinical and Biochemical Profile of Antenatal Women Suffering from Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy Attending A Tertiary Care Health Institution
Dr. Shaina Chamotra, Dr. Ankit Chaudhary, Dr. Aleeza Pal and Dr. Nitin Kumar
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i07.003 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 6(7): 16-19
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Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are a major cause of both maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. Although the much studied phenomenon but yet much is to be learnt about the disease, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical course as well as the complications. The present study was conducted with an objective to determine the clinical and biochemical profile of such disorders. Methods: The present study is a sub-part of a case control study conducted among 180 pregnant women (90 cases and 90 controls) in Kamla Nehru State Hospital for Mother and Child, IGMC Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. Clinical, biochemical and blood pressure parameters of all the participants were documented for the study purpose. Results: Adverse findings in all aspects were seen more often in cases than in normotensives. All non-exposed had systolic and diastolic blood pressure and in normal range. Odoema, pallor and cyanosis were more likely to be seen in hypertensives than controls. Liver function tests, renal function tests and platelet counts were deranged more often in cases than controls. Hyperhomocysteinemia was more commonly encountered among the cases of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Fundus examination revealed worse status in hypertensives. Conclusion: The study associates pregnancy induced hypertensive disorders and adverse biochemical, clinical and lab parameters as highlighted by vast literature. Timely screening of such parameters can definitely aid in achieving better maternal and foetal outcomes. Incorporation of homocysteine analysis in routine strategy can definitely strengthen the maternal health care.
Homoeopathy in Mental Disorders in Postpartum Stage
Dr. Tridibesh Tripathy, Dr. Umakant Prusty and Dr. Chitamani Nayak
DOI : 10.36344/ccijemms.2020.v02i07.001 | Cross Current Int J Med Biosci, 2020; 6(7): 1-6
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Reading a heading in the Hindustan Times supplement on 10th May (Mother’s day) which wrote ‘Mum is not a good word’ was surprising & when delved in to the article, it was about mothers who went through postnatal depression & have narrated their painful experiences & how they came out of the situation. The current article looks into the aspects of mental disorders during postnatal period out of which postnatal depression is one of the disorders. The article looks into the brief history of public health programs on mental health in India & the emergence of maternal mental health as an issue. It moves on to the current situation on postnatal disorders in India & the role of Homoeopathy to deal with these disorders therapeutically as a component of Ministry of AYUSH. The article suggests the integration of medical pluralism in mental health through inclusion of Homoeopathy in the gamete of mental health. As each & every drug in Homoeopathy is only proved on human beings, all the drugs have a mental component as it is only human beings who can express their physical & mental symptoms during proving of the drugs as per the guidelines set by the Homoeopathic research councils of each nation. In India, Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy, an autonomous body under the ministry of AYUSH lays out such guidelines. The article gains more relevance during the current COVID 19 crisis which has precipitated the stress levels & the mothers who have delivered since March 2020 are more prone to mental disorders during their postnatal stage.