Cross-Currents: An International Peer-Reviewed Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences
Volume 6 Issue-4
Factors That Cause Professional Stress to Teachers of Secondary Education in Greece: Bibliographic Review and a Proposed Empirical Research on the Correlation of Professional Stress with School Performance
Xanthippi Foulidi, Evangelos C. Papakitsos, Spyridoula Vartelatou
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2018; 4(4): 43-46.
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Abstract: This paper examines the factors that cause the professional stress of teachers in Secondary Education of Greece. It records several factors that are found in recent international literature and focuses on the main factors of Modern Greek education. A research gap emerges from this review of the literature, regarding various factors. Thus, a proposal for a new research is being formulated, focusing on the approach of school performance as a factor of professional anxiety for secondary school teachers, as well as on the inventory of effective ways of limiting this phenomenon.
Keywords: Occupational anxiety, teacher stress, Secondary education, stress factors, school performance, admitting examinations, treatment strategies
Haitian/Vilokan Idealism versus German Idealism
Paul C. Mocombe
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2018; 4(4): 69-74
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Abstract: Unlike German Idealism whose intellectual development from Kant to Schopenhauer, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Husserl, Heidegger, and the Frankfurt school produced the dialectic, Marxist materialism, Nietzscheian antidialectics, phenomenology, and deontological ethics; Haitian Idealism produces phenomenology, materialism, and an antidialectical process to history enframed by a reciprocal justice as its normative ethics, which is constantly being invoked by individual social actors to reconcile the noumenal (sacred—ideational) and phenomenal (profane—material) subjective world in order to maintain balance and harmony between the two so that the human actors can live freely and happily in a material resource framework where they are the masters of their own existence without masters or owners of production. The originating moments of the Haitian Revolution and its call for total freedom and equality demonstrates the antidialectical and normative processes of Haitian idealism, while the creation of the phenomenal world of subjective experiences according to one’s capacity, modality, developmental stage (both spiritual, physical, and mental), and spiritual court is symptomatic of the phenomenological development in Haitian Idealism and its Vodou Ethic and spirit of communism and Lakou system as its form of social and system integration, respectively. This work explores the underlying distinction between German idealism and Haitian idealism as encapsulated in its culmination, i.e., the Lakou system.
Keywords: Haitian Epistemology, Haitian/Vilokan Idealism, Haiti, Afrocentrism, Vodou, Haitian Studies, Lakouism
A Computer Aided Synergetic WW3!
Alexander G. Yushchenko
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2018; 4(4): 52-57.
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Abstract: The paper proposes a hypothesis that Russia uses AI methods and supercomputers to optimize its strategy in the synergistic war. The priorities of the synergistic war and the methodology for revealing its consequences through intellectual simulation are described. Several resonant geopolitical events in the US and Ukraine that seemed to be patriotic when initiated by the presidents or civic activists but ultimately proved to be beneficial to the enemy are reviewed in this light. A new body intended for global geopolitical monitoring and management of synergetic defense of the Russian Federation is described and analyzed, which bases its work on an expert system installed on a powerful supercomputer. The importance of the information component of the synergetic war is underlined and the technologies for Data Mining modeling the media influence on a society are briefly described. It is proposed to create defense centers in NATO member countries that would be analogous to the described defense center in Russia, and it is recommended to use AI methods in their work to simulate geopolitical situations for making more effective management decisions.
Keywords: Data Mining algorithms, cyber-attacks, supercomputer, expert system, security system, synergetic war, Defense Management, Kremlin propaganda, informational management, NATO
The Effect of The Internal Auditor Incentive on The Disclosure Of ﬁnancial Information In Jordanian Industrial Companies
Nawaf Samah Mohammad Thuneibat
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2018; 4(4): 58-62.
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Abstract: The objective of the study is to investigate the relationship between internal auditor incentive and disclosure of ﬁnancial information in Jordanian industrial companies. The quantitative research design was used in the study by (51) self-administrative questionnaire distributed to CEO in in Jordanian industrial companies, the data were analyzed by (SPSS 21) software. The results of the study showed there is a positive relationship between the internal auditor's incentives and the disclosure of ﬁnancial information and there is a clear problem of the credibility of disclosure in the Jordanian industrial companies, where some financial information is hidden from outside parties for special reasons. According to the result of the study the researchers recommend that the Jordanian industrial companies pay attention to the incentives of the internal auditor and this study recommend the future researchers to focus on the all Jordanian companies. in addition recommend the future researchers to focus will be on examining the corporate governance policies as a moderating variable between internal auditing and disclosure credibility that will strengthen the relationship between them.
Keywords: Internal auditor incentive, disclosure of ﬁnancial information, Jordanian industrial companies
The Effect of Market Orientation on Organizational Performance in Higher Education Institutions
Abd Ghani Mosameh Atwan
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2018; 4(4): 47-51
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Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of market orientation on the Organizational performance of private universities in Jordan. The effects of market orientation are visualized on different organizational performance measures which were developed for universities specifically. The data in this study was collected through survey strategy from 100 faculty members of 10 randomly selected private universities of Jordan. The survey was performed by using a questionnaire stating the measures of market orientation and organizational performance. The reliability of the scale was assessed. The Correlation analysis was performed to test the hypothesis. The findings of this study confirm the relationship of market orientation with organizational performance measures. The market orientation has a positive relationship with organizational performance.
Keywords: Market Orientation, Organizational Performance, Higher Education Institution (HEI), Private University, Jordan.
The Peer Instruction’s Effectiveness as Teaching Pedagogy: Research Reviews
Aina, Jacob Kola, Abdulwasiu Adebayo Azeez
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2018; 4(4): 63-68.
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Abstract: The effectiveness of PI as a research-based teaching pedagogy was the focus of this review. The authors reviewed nine research studies from 2010 to 2017 and different countries of the world taken from various academic journals. Juxtaposing the findings of these studies indicated that PI is a useful teaching pedagogy. Peer Instruction was developed in 1991 at Harvard University to address poor understanding of conceptual and problem-solving skill of introductory physics students. PI is a research-based pedagogy for teaching sizeable introductory science courses. Lectures in PI consist of some short presentations on critical points, each followed by short conceptual questions called Concept Test, posed in a multiple-choice format, on the subject under discussion. PI is a teaching pedagogy that is not common in schools in African countries. Several countries have adopted the pedagogy in science education with the evidence of its effectiveness. This paper reviewed a few of these research studies to spur Nigerian teachers to the adoption of PI as a better pedagogy. The article considered many reasons it is essential to adopt PI in Nigerian schools. The conclusion was made by suggesting PI adoption by all teachers in Nigerian schools.
Keywords: Peer instruction, pedagogy, conceptual, problem-solving, ConcepTest
Design and Production of Water Sustainable Planter
Eugene Ofori Agyei, Klinsman Owusu Amponsah, Robert Amoanyi
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2018; 4(4): 75-86
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Abstract: Improper irrigating of plant is the most frequent cause of plant mortality. Many people are frustrated with the quantity of water to give to their plants and also do not get time to water their plants regularly. This could be difficult to keep plants healthy and fresh. This study specifically experiment on the body that will enhance the seeping of water at a given time and to design series of water sustainable planter that will suit the require plants (flowers). Studio-based method of qualitative research design was employed in the study. Results from observations aided in the production of the water sustainable planter. The study unveiled that water sustainable planter can be produced using locally available materials such as Mfensi clay, Keyansi clay, grog and sawdust. The sustainable planter was able to sustain water, making the soil moist and helps plants to grow fresh and healthy. The study recommends that further research should be done by using different materials for the production of water sustainable planter and other plants should also be explored for the planter. Further reviewing of designs based on the planter should be made to suit the required plant.
Keywords: Water sustainable planter, Glaze, Production, Design
Analytical Study of Fleet Management and Vehicle Replacement Model: Evidence from the Nigerian National Petroleum Cooperation Headquarter Abuja
Victor Omoke, Obioma R. Nwaogbe, Abraham Pius, Stella M. Ayam, Husam Helmi
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2018; 4(4): 87-97.
Downloads : 1 | Views : 1
Abstract: This study focuses on improving the operational performance of transport services in Nigeria by examining the economic life cycle of the vehicles in Nigerian National Petroleum Cooperation (NNPC). Data were collected on vehicle numbers, make, price, year of purchase and maintenance costs. Using Vehicle Replacement and Maintenance Model (VRMM) for the analysis. The study found that Toyota Hilux (T/Hilux) has economic life span of six years, while both Corolla T/Coaster and Skoda Superb have economic life span of eight years. Lastly, T/Camry and Honda Pilot should be replaced after nine years. Also, it is discovered that the NNPC vehicles were used to the end of their life spans. In the asset management principle, this practice is an economic wastage i.e. waste of resources and this issue need to be addressed. In view of the findings in this research work, the following recommendations are explained; the land transport department of NNPC should derive a policy of using their vehicles to its economic life span thereby preventing economic wastage, and NNPC fleet managers should be able to set apart a certain amount every year to make replacement easy. For example, 15% of inflation rate can be set apart every year for each vehicle.
Keywords: Vehicles, replacement, maintenance and management