Cross-Currents: An International Peer-Reviewed Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences
Volume 2 Issue 2
The Ugandan Constitution of 1995: How it integrated Human rights Principles to Contribute to the Promotion, Protection and Preservation of Rights in Uganda
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2016; 2(2): 31-34.
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Abstract: Human Rights as rights recognized in the preamble of the Universal declaration of Human rights to be inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family, adding that it is considered to be the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. This paper presents the recognized form of protection, promotion and protection of human rights through enactment of acts in the Ugandan constitution. More is done in the paper to demonstrate how it integrates the international and regional rights in the constitution. A brief history of the constitution is presented and interpretation of the implication of acts towards the established human rights institutions is explained. Lastly a critical view on the implementation of the constitution of Uganda by the Government of Uganda is made consecutively on the analysis made from acts in relation to promotion, protection and preservation of rights in Uganda.
Keywords: Human Rights, effective, preamble, Ugandan constitution
An Examination of the Situational Leadership Approach: Strengths and Weaknesses
Doctor Caxton Shonhiwa
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2016; 2(2): 35-40.
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Abstract: This present paper examines the situational leadership approach as one of the styles that leaders and managers of organisations can use. Leaders are a key human resource in any organisation. We generally think of companies competing by means of their products, but they probably compete more by means of their leaders than their products. Better leaders develop better employees and the two together develop better products. To get things done in by people, management must supply leadership the team for work accomplishment through leadership. Secondly, leadership aids authority. There are limits to the use of authority in obtaining high performance amongst subordinates. Authority alone cannot generate a favourable attitude for improved performance. Because of its main reliance on influence, leadership is essential for obtaining successful work accomplishment. Thirdly, if management fails to provide able leadership, informal leadership will develop which will eventually regulate the behaviour of the employees and may come into conflict with managerial leadership. Good leadership uses various approaches in order to steer the organisation to greater heights. The situational is one of those approaches which every leader or manager should be aware of.
Keywords: Examination, leadership, organisation, styles, situational
The Role of Leadership in Management of Educational Institutions
Francis Ndlovu, Thembinkosi Tshabalala
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2016; 2(2): 41-46.
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Abstract: This present paper discusses the importance of leadership in educational management with specific reference to schools. Educational leadership has a critical role in the transformation of society, and for change to happen, effective leaders are key. Along with the widespread belief that the quality of leadership makes a significant difference to school and student outcomes. There is also increasing recognition that if effective school leaders and managers are developed they are most likely going to provide the best possible education for their learners. Effective leadership and management are essential if schools and colleges are to achieve the wide-ranging objectives set for them by their many stakeholders, notably the government which provide most of the funding for public educational institutions. Teachers and their leaders and managers are the people who are required to deliver higher educational standards. Management and leadership are important for the delivery of good educational services. Although the two are similar in some respects, they may involve different types of outlook, skills and behaviours. Good managers should strive to be good leaders and good leaders need management skills to be effective. Leaders will have a vision of what can be achieved and then communicate this to others and evolve strategies for realising the vision. They motivate people and are able to negotiate for resources and other support to achieve their goals. Managers ensure that the available resources are well organised and applied to produce the best results. In the resource constrained and difficult environments of many developing countries, a manager must also be a leader to achieve optimum results.
Keywords: Role, management, leadership, institution, schools
The Relevance of Team Leadership in Promoting Efficiency of Organisations
Doctor Caxton Shonhiwa
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2016; 2(2): 51-54.
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Abstract: This present paper discusses the relevance of team leadership in the promotion of efficiency in organisations. Team leadership is the style which would yield the best results in today’s organisations. Team leadership emphasises both task and interpersonal relationships and can create a very productive and good working environment. It is a fact that most employees want to be valued, heard and safe while getting the job done. A disgruntled employee is an employee that will not give their best effort and could have an influence on others. Experience reveals that the worst thing that a manager can do is to ignore interpersonal relationships and focus solely on tasks. When focusing on tasks, the one thing that is easily over looked is safety. However, if management takes time to communicate with employees, safety problems can be avoided and new improved approaches to production be discovered. The manager or supervisor can focus on the tasks; interpersonal relationships, discuss safety concerns, and also explore improved ways of performing tasks. Team leadership is a leadership style that will allow the employee to be heard and valued while focusing on production and getting the task done.
Keywords: Relevance, team, efficiency, organisation, leadership, promote
Motherhood Is Lost, Exile Is Born: A Desperate and Critical Look into William Trevor’s Novel, Felicia’s Journey
Navid Salehi Babamiri
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2016; 2(2): 47-50.
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Abstract: During their early times the women have experienced both cultural and social discriminations. These bad omens, step by step, have provided the traumatic sense for the women, either to deny themselves or to have the sense of not integrating with others. Moreover; if they decide to integrate, they are retarded by the society. William Trevor’s novel, Felicia’s journey, expatiates on the life of young Irish girl who has been entrapped in a bad social condition, which the life of enjoyment has been circumscribed by the environmental hostilities. Furthermore; her lack of having a good mother adds more to this bitter condition that she has no sense of belongings. Thus drawing on the reading of self-exile, the novel which is discussed in this article goes on to explore the marginalization of the Irish woman with her people around and more importantly, within Irish and English society.
Keywords: Exile, Abandonment, Motherhood, Cultural and Social Discrimination