Cross-Currents: An International Peer-Reviewed Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences
Volume 5 Issue 1
Contributions of Tricycle Transportation Business to the Growth of the Local Economy of the WA Municipality
Mohammed Sulemana, Cletus Galyuon, John Yaw Akparep
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2019; 5(1): 1-9
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Abstract: This study was conducted to assess the contributions of Tricycle Transportation Business (TTB) to the growth of the local economy of Wa Municipality using mixed method research design. Data was gathered from a sample of 329 respondents using questionnaires, interviews and observations. The data gathered were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The study found that: the introduction of the tricycle transportation has reduced the high level of unemployment in the Wa Municipality. The tricycle transportation has reduced the long waiting time for passengers leading to enhanced mobility for the poor and vulnerable groups which has contributed to increase in productivity by way of increased in man labour hours, improved accessibility, easy accessibility, job security, reduced poverty and improved income of beneficiaries. The study concluded that the introduction of tricycle transportation business has contributed significantly to the economic growth of Wa Municipality through the employment created, business growth and mobility enhanced. It was therefore recommended that TTB should be legalized as a commercial activity to help the sector run effectively. Designated packing spaces should be provided for the TTB to make the sector more effective and efficient.
Keywords: Transportation, Tricycle, Employment, Businesses, Mobility, Local Economy, Growth
The Concepts of Ideal State and Freedom in Gandhi’s Philosophy and Underlying Relation
Dr. Nirupama Bhattacharyya
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2019; 5(1): 16-21
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Abstract: The aim of this work is to assess and discuss the relation between the concepts of freedom and ideal state in Gandhi’s philosophy – the father of nation and one of the very rare personalities of modern times. The concept of state and society, concept of freedom, polity, social order, economic order, educational reconstruction, are discussed in brief in the light of Gandhian’s thought and belief. The ideal state can be established only when there exist social, political and economic harmony. It is tried to make this study conceptual and analytic as far as possible and also to correlate different concepts to reflect their mutual consistency. His concept of swaraj, sarvodaya, man, truth, god, ramrajya, education reform and all-round development of human personality in the light of soul, truth and nonviolence is appraised. The concept of freedom is one of the core ideals of the philosophy of Gandhi and this is the driving force for the concept of ideal state.
Keywords: Freedom, ideal, state, society, belief, harmony, swaraj, sarvodaya, truth
Animalisation and Deprivation in Bravely Fought the Queen
Dr. Alka Jain
DOI : NA | Cross Current Int J Peer Reviewed J Human Soc Sci, 2019; 5(1): 10-15
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Abstract: Dattani’s Bravely Fought the Queen shows the diabolic impact of animalization, deprivation and dehumanization on the lives of women. It portrays the claustrophobic existence of women in the world of limitations and handicaps. It makes an interesting study to observe how Dattani makes the females in the play, respond to the restrictions and constraints, and whether he justifies their dehumanization. Dattani has been known for his humanitarian stand, and his feminine sensibility can be ascertained by studying how the reinstates the human rights of one half of human population, women. The research endeavours to examine these dehumanizing bondages and their impact on the growth of the female characters in Bravely Fought the Queen, one of Dattani’s most raw and violent exposition of the female self and psyche.
Keywords: Mahesh Dattani, dehumanisation, feminism, animalization, deprivation, gender bias, violence